Stevia Powder is an extraordinarily sweet herb...200-300 times sweeter than sugar. Stevia Powder has a slight licorice-like flavor that most of us with a sweet tooth, and all the children we have ever met, love. For some people who only like the taste of real sugar it may take a little getting used to, but it has such important medicinal value that it is well worth learning to love.
Stevia Powder is almost calorie-free, so weight watchers love it. It is ideal for children since it prevents cavities. Unlike sugar, it does not trigger a rise in blood sugar. You won't get a sudden burst of energy followed by fatigue and a need for another "fix." Most imporantly for our purposes, it does not feed yeast or other
Since artificial sweeteners are banned in Japan, the Japanese are the greatest consumers of Stevia Powder. A member of the chrysanthemum family (closely related to tarragon and chamomile and distantly related to lettuce, artichokes, safflower oil, and sunflower seeds and oil), it is totally safe and has been used for centuries by the Indians of South America where it grows wild.
Stevia is available in a number of forms, including a crude green powder and a brownish liquid extract, which has a strong, unpleasant, licorice-like taste. The white powder is used in our cookbook. If you have trouble obtaining white stevia extract, please contact us at 800-851-6314 or go to http://www.steviva.com.
Working with the white Stevia Powder (extract) is difficult, so we usually recommend creating a liquid concentrate from the white powder. We call this concentrate our Stevia Working Solution. To make it, dissolve 1 tsp. white stevia powder into 3 Tbsp. filtered water. The white powder may stick to the spoon but will soon
A tiny pinch of the powder is so potent that most people put in too much and find that it is just too sweet for them. That's why we recommend using the liquid and experimenting with a few drops at a time to find your own personal level of desired sweetness.
The New Stevia Packets Are Here!
We have been waiting a long time to release our brand new Fructevia single serving packets. This is a great way to take a little sweetness with you to the office or while dining out. The consumer size fifty count boxes are not ready yet but, we do have the restaurant size 500 count commercial pack ready for purchase. These have a 3 year shelf life so you can keep them around for quite a while.
To celebrate the brand new product we have a low introductory price of of only $40.00 that is almost 30% off of the wholesale price of $56.00. I am not sure how long we will keep this price so, get them while you can.
the Stevia Way
© Ray Sahelian M.D., Donna Gates (Excerpted from The Stevia Cookbook, Avery Publishing Group, 2000)
We all have a craving for a sweet taste and often satisfy this craving with sugar or fat-filled foods. Even "natural" sugar substitutes, such as honey, maple syrup or molasses, can be unhealthy if over-consumed since they can markedly elevate blood sugar levels. Hence, Stevia can be advantageous to practically everyone whose diet contains sweeteners. Although Stevia can be helpful to anyone, there are certain groups who are more likely to benefit from its remarkable sweetening potential. These include diabetics, those interested in decreasing caloric intake, and children.
The availability of artificial sweeteners has been of enormous benefit to diabetics. However, there's always been a concern that over consumption of these synthetic sweeteners may cause some unknown harm to the body. Could Stevia substitution be a good alternative in diabetics? We believe so. Stevia leaves have been used as herbal teas by diabetic patients in Asian countries. No side effects have been observed in these patients after many years of continued consumption (Suttajit, 1993). Furthermore, studies have shown that Stevia extract can actually improve blood sugar levels (Alvarez, 1981, Curi, 1986).
In 1986, Brazilian researchers from the Universities of Maringa and Sao Paolo evaluated the role of Stevia in blood sugar (Curi, 1986). Sixteen healthy volunteers were given extracts of 5 grams of Stevia leaves every six hours for three days. The extracts from the leaves were prepared by immersing them in boiling water for 20 minutes. A glucose tolerance test (GTT) was performed before and after the administration of the extract and the results were compared to another group who did not receive the Stevia extracts. During a GTT, patients are given a glass of water with glucose and their blood sugar levels are evaluated over the next few hours. Those who have a predisposition to diabetes will have a marked rise in blood sugar levels. The volunteers on Stevia were found to have significantly lower blood sugar levels after ingestion of Stevia. This is a positive indication that Stevia can potentially be beneficial to diabetics who substitute Stevia in order to decrease their sugar consumption. Even if Stevia by itself is not able to lower blood sugar levels, just the fact that a diabetic would consume less sugar is of significant importance in maintaining better blood sugar control.
If you're diabetic, chances are you consume a large amount of artificial sweeteners and you may be concerned about switching to Stevia since long-term human studies have not been done with this herb. You may also be accustomed in your use of these artificial sweeteners and would not be willing to completely stop them. One option is to gradually use less of them while substituting Stevia. For instance, you can initially use Stevia in some of your drinks, like coffee or tea. After a few weeks, if your comfort level with Stevia increases, you can gradually use more of the herbal extract. Over the next few weeks and months you can either switch completely to Stevia, or you can continue using it in combination with artificial sweeteners. With time more research will become available on the safety of Stevia and artificial sweeteners. Based on the results of these studies, you can determine which ones to continue using in a larger amount.
It's also quite possible that artificial sweeteners may be safe in low amounts, but problems could arise when they are used in excessive quantities. By partially or mostly substituting Stevia, you can reduce any potential risk.
It would seem quite obvious that substituting a no-calorie sweetener to sugar would help reduce caloric intake and thus contribute to weight loss. And such is the case with aspartame. Researchers at the Center for the Study of Nutrition Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, at Harvard Medical School in Boston, Massachusetts, studied the influence of aspartame on obesity (Blackburn, 1997). One hundred sixty-three women were randomly assigned to consume or to abstain from aspartame-sweetened foods and beverages for 16 weeks. Both groups were also actively involved in a weight-control program using a variety of modalities. At the end of the 16 weeks, both the group on aspartame and the group without the synthetic sweetener lost 10 kilograms. During the maintenance phase that lasted the next two years, women assigned to the aspartame-treatment group gained back 4.5 kilogram, whereas those not on aspartame gained back 9.4 kilograms, practically all the weight they had previously lost. The researchers state, "These data suggest that participation in a multidisciplinary weight-control program that includes aspartame may facilitate the long-term maintenance of reduced body weight."
Unfortunately, no formal studies have been done evaluating Stevia substitution in relation to weight loss. We would suspect, though, that the results would be similar to the aspartame study discussed above. If you are the type of person who adds sugar to your morning coffee or tea, or to iced tea, lemonade, and a variety of desserts and baked goods, then, over time, the elimination of these refined sugar calories could make a significant difference.
with No Cavities
Even a five-year old child knows that sugar causes tooth cavities. There are certain bacteria in our mouths, particularly streptococci mutans, that ferment various sugars to produce acids. These in turn eat through the enamel of the tooth causing pockets or cavities. For a long time, scientists have searched to find alternative sweeteners that are not fermentable by bacteria and hence do not cause cavities. Artificial sweeteners have been helpful in this regard.
Does ingesting Stevia lead to tooth cavities? A study done on rats has not shown this to be case. Stevioside and rebaudioside A, the two primary sweet constituents of the Stevia plant, were tested in a group of sixty rat pups (Das, 1992) in the following way:
After 5 weeks, all four groups had their teeth evaluated. There were no differences in food and water intake and weight gain between the four groups. However, the first group had significantly more cavities than the rest of the groups. Groups 2, 3, and 4 were equivalent. The researchers state, "It was concluded that neither stevioside nor rebaudioside A is cariogenic [cavity causing] under the conditions of this study." It appears that the chemicals within the Stevia plant that impart its sweetness are not fermentable, and thus do not cause tooth cavities.
Candies, sodas, ice cream, pies, cakes... it's disturbing how many sweet products are ingested by children on a daily basis. All that sugar can lead to tooth cavities and obesity. We believe that partially substituting with Stevia can help children satisfy their sweet tooth while decreasing the risks from excessive sugar intake.
If you're a parent, you can take advantage of the many recipes provided in the second half of this book to provide your children with tasty sweets that will satisfy their sweet teeth but not cause damage to the teeth. Obesity in children is a growing problem in this country and any method we have of helping children reduce their caloric intake will be greatly beneficial.
We also are concerned with children overconsuming excessive amounts of artificial sweeteners. The potential, long-term health consequences of saccharin and aspartame ingestion are currently not fully known, but they do need to be kept in mind. Eliminating all artificial sweeteners will be a frustrating enterprise since they are extremely prevalent. However, by partially substituting Stevia in homemade desserts, you can significantly reduce your children's exposure to these artificial chemicals.
Hopefully, with time, Stevia can be added to a variety of sodas, candies, gums, and other foods in the US, just like it currently is in Japan and other countries.
In 1991, Dr. M.S. Melis, from the Department of Biology at the University of Sao Paulo in Brazil, gave a one-time high dose injection of stevioside to rats and found that it caused a reduction in blood pressure as well as an increased elimination of sodium (Melis, 1991). A slight diuretic effect also occurred. The effect was additive when Stevia was combined with verapamil (a medicine used to lower blood pressure in humans who have high blood pressure).
Dr. Melis repeated a similar study in 1995. This time, he administered extracts of Stevia to rats for 20, 40, and 60 days. After 20 days, there were no changes in the Stevia-treated rats compared to the control group (the ones that didn't receive the extracts). However, after 40 or 60 days of administering the extract, there was a lowering of blood pressure, a diuretic effect was noted along with loss of sodium. The amount of blood going to the kidneys was increased.
When normal human volunteers between the ages of 20 to 40 years were given a tea prepared with Stevia leaves, a lowering of blood pressure occurred (Boeck, 1981). This study was done in Brazil. Certainly more human studies are needed before we can come to any conclusions regarding the full effect of normal daily ingestion of stevioside on blood pressure.
How does Stevia’s sweetness compare to other artificial sweeteners? Does it even come close to their potency? A new study done at the Department of Food and Nutrition, FCF-UNESP in Araraquara, Brazil, compared the relative sweetness of Stevia to that of aspartame, a cyclamate/saccharin combination, and a 10 percent sucrose concentration. The results were interesting. An equivalent dose of Stevia, aspartame, the cyclamate/saccharin combination and a 10 percent sucrose concentration all had practically the same potency! Cardello HM, Da Silva MA, Damasio MH. Measurement of the relative sweetness of Stevia extract, aspartame and cyclamate/saccharin blend as compared to sucrose at different concentrations. Plant Foods Hum Nutr 1999;54(2):119-30.
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helps pancreas release insulin--helpful for diabetics
© Ray Sahelian M.D.,
The natural sweetener
stevioside, which is found in the plant Stevia, has been used for many years
in the treatment of diabetes among Indians in Paraguay and Brazil. However,
the mechanism for the blood glucose-lowering effect remains unknown. A study
conducted at the Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Aarhus University
Hospital, Denmark, found that stevioside enhances insulin secretion from mouse
pancreatic islets in the presence of glucose. The researchers state, "Stevioside
stimulates insulin secretion via a direct action on pancreatic beta cells. The
results indicate that the compounds may have a potential role as an anti-hyperglycemic
agent in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus."
Ray Sahelian, M.D., co-author with Donna Gates of The Stevia Cookbook (Avery/Penguin, 1999), says, "Stevia is a wonderful alternative to sugar and artificial sweeteners for those who have diabetes. This study gives us one more reason to recommend diabetics take advantage of this safe, non-calorie herbal sweetener."
Reference: Jeppesen PB, et al. Stevioside acts directly on pancreatic beta cells to secrete insulin. Metabolism 2000 Feb;49(2):208-14. Website: www.raysahelian.com
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Sweetener That's Also Calorie-Free
Dr. Julian Whitaker's Health & Healing®
This is a Tale of Two Sweeteners, full of sound and fury, signifying that the FDA has sold you and your kids to the drug companies again, and you are unwitting receptacles of a sweetener that has obvious toxicity. The FDA has blocked the use of a natural sweetener that is totally safe.
If you drink diet sodas or add Equal or NutraSweet to your coffee, listen up. These sweeteners contain aspartame, which was first approved by the FDA in 1974. That approval was rescinded because of two studies showing that the substance caused brain tumors in laboratory animals.
These studies were never refuted, and the additive was approved in spite of these studies, in 1981, and for soft drinks in 1983. According to National Cancer Institute data, there was an alarming jump in the incidence of brain tumors in 1983 - 1987. The estimated annual percent change (EAPC) rose from 2.1% to 8.1% in males, and from 2.1% to 11.7% in females. This could be related to the consumption of aspartame-sweetened products.
Aspartame has both potential and real toxicities. My associate editor, Jane Heimlich, wrote about the effects of aspartame in the January 1993 Health & Healing, and I have suggested alternative natural sweeteners such as Sucanat and honey.
However, there is a natural, non-caloric sweetener that is totally safe - Stevia.
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Try a Natural,
Non-Toxic, Calorie-Free Sweetener
Stevia is an herb that has been used as a sweetener in South America for hundreds of years. It is calorie - free, and the powdered concentrate is 300 times sweeter than sugar. Stevia is widely used all over the world. In Japan, for example, it claims 41% of the sweetener market, including sugar, and was used in Japanese Diet Coke until the company replaced it with aspartame to "standardize" worldwide. There have not been any reports of toxicity with Stevia, which is consumed by millions of people daily.
Truth About Aspartame
Not so with aspartame sweeteners, such as NutraSweet and Equal. As of February 1994, 6,888 cases of adverse reactions had been reported to the FDA. In fact, more than 75% of all non-drug complaints to the FDA are about aspartame. These complaints include headaches, dizziness, mood changed, numbness, vomiting or nausea, muscle cramps and spasms, and abdominal pain and cramps. There are also sizable numbers reporting vision changed, joint pains, skin lesions, memory loss, and seizures. Five deaths were reported to the FDA prior to 1987 as possibly attributed to aspartame. This is only a small fraction of the actual adverse reactions caused by aspartame. Most people would not associate the problem with it, and even if they did, only a small fraction of people or doctors would take the time to report it to the FDA. I estimate that for every reported adverse reaction, 10 to 100 go unrecognized or unreported, which would bring the number to 70,000 to 700,000 cases.
Ralph G. Walton, M.D., Chairman of the Center of Behavioral Medicine of the Western Reserve Care System, has published accounts of how the excitatory characteristics of aspartame could lower the threshold for and even cause seizures, mania, depression, or other psychological or central nervous system disorders. In one study, he demonstrated that people with a history of mood disorders had a significantly higher number of adverse reactions to aspartame than those with no such history. He estimated that considering everything that the substance could do, about 35% of the population is vulnerable to an adverse reaction to aspartame.
Even though many of these reports are anecdotal, they are quite credible, given the chemistry of aspartame. Brain/mood symptoms brought on by aspartame could easily be caused by the changes in brain chemistry triggered by elevated phenylalanine.
There have been numerous studies showing aspartame's safety. My complaint with these is that the studies used aspartame capsules rather than the commonly used form of aspartame mixed and stored in food.
Alcohol" in Your Food
Even more significant, perhaps, is the role of methanol or methyl alcohol (also called "wood alcohol"), which makes up 10% of aspartame. The methanol is further broken down into formaldehyde (a known carcinogen), formic acid (a poison excreted by ants) and diketopiperazine (DKP, which causes brain tumors). Absorption of methanol is hastened if aspartame has broken down, as it does when it is heated, used in hot drinks or decomposed during prolonged storage. In Israel, people are warned not to consume large quantities of aspartame, and not to store products containing it in the heat. Incredibly, the FDA recently approved aspartame for baked goods!
Methanol is specifically toxic to the optic nerve, and caused blindness in people who drank "bootlegged" whiskey that contained it. The poisoning effects of taking methanol are cumulative.
A pilot, George E. Leighton, experienced such sever blurred vision while flying that he couldn't even read the instrument panel and barely averted a crash landing. This occurred two hours after he inadvertently drank two cups of aspartame-sweetened hot chocolate. He has consumed no aspartame since, nor has he had any blurred vision. Other pilots had seizures which they are convinced were caused by aspartame, and have lost their licenses as a result.
Got Stonewalled by the FDA
Stevia, on the other had, is not only non-toxic, but has several traditional medicinal uses. The Indian tribes of South America have used it as a digestive aid, and have also applied it topically for years to help wound-healing. Recent clinical studies have shown it can increase glucose tolerance and decrease blood sugar levels.
Of the two sweeteners, Stevia wins hands down for safety. Yet your children guzzle excitatory chemicals laced with methanol.
Stevia gained popularity in this country in the 1980's as a safe sweetener. Celestial Seasonings, one of the world's largest herbal tea companies, used it as a flavoring in many of the teas. In 1986, without warning, the FDA came into their warehouse and seized their stock of Stevia. No reason was given for seizure; the company was simply told they could not use it in the teas.
In 1991 the FDA banned Stevia, claiming that it was an "unsafe food additive," even though it is available in many other countries. The obvious reason for the seizure and the ban on Stevia was to prevent it from competing with aspartame.
Let's Fight for
a Safer Non-Calorie Sweetener
The American Herbal Products Association (AHPA) has petitioned the FDA to lift the ban on Stevia, based on the fact that Stevia is not a food additive, but a food with a long record of safety. The FDA has yet to act on this petition.
Write to David Kessler at the FDA (5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857) and ask why Stevia, a food product with hundreds of years of safe consumption, is banned in this country but nowhere else. Demand that he lift the ban on Stevia, and ban aspartame instead.
Send a copy of that letter to your local newspaper and to me (at Phillips Publishing, Customer Service - Stevia, 7811 Montrose Road, Potomac, MD 20854) so that Kessler will not be able to say that he doesn't get his mail.
For more information on aspartame, or to report an adverse reaction, send a self-addressed stamped envelope to the:
Safety Network, Inc.
P.O. Box 780634
Dallas, TX 75378
Frankly, I don't let aspartame into my house - children live there. If you do drink or eat products that contain aspartame, by all means avoid the heated ones, and that includes adding Equal to a hot drink. And never drink large quantities of aspartame, as you might with iced tea on a hot day.
FDA Disclaimer: The statements in this article have not been evaluated by the FDA. The products mentioned herein are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. For medical advice, always consult your health care professional.
from Dr. Julian Whitaker's Health & Healing®, December 1994, Vol. 4, No 12
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Questions and Answers about Stevia
© David Richard (Excerpted from Stevia Rebaudiana: Nature's Sweet Secret)
Q) What is Stevia?
A) Stevia Rebaudiana is an herb in the Chrysanthemum family which grows wild as a small shrub in parts of Paraguay and Brazil. The glycosides in its leaves, including up to 10% Stevioside, account for its incredible sweetness, making it unique among the nearly 300 species of Stevia plants.
There are indications that Stevia (or Ca-he-he) has been used to sweeten a native beverage called mate since Pre-Columbian times. However, a Natural Scientist names Antonio Bertoni first recorded its usage by native tribes in 1887.
much Stevia is used around the world?
A) Exact numbers are unavailable at this time. However, as an indication, Japanese consumers used the equivalent of 700 metric tonnes of Stevia leaves in 1987 alone. This number does not include other major consuming countries such as Brazil and the whole of South America; South Korea, China and the whole of the Pacific Rim; as well as Europe, Australia and North America. I would also assume that the Japanese figure has increased since 1987.
is the FDA's position on Stevia?
A) The FDA's position on Stevia is somewhat ambiguous. In 1991, citing a preliminary mutagenicity study, the FDA issued an import alert which effectively blocked the importation and sale of Stevia in this country. Ironically, this was the year that a follow-up study found flaws in the first study and seriously questioned its results.
In September of 1995, the FDA revised its import alert to allow Stevia and its extracts to be imported as a food supplement but not as a sweetener. Yet, it defines Stevia as an unapproved food additive, not affirmed as GRAS (Generally Recognized as Safe) in the United States. The following is a portion of this revised alert:
"If Stevia is to be used in a dietary supplement for a technical effect, such as use as a sweetener or flavoring agent, and is labeled as such, it is considered an unsafe food additive. However, in the absence of labeling specifying that Stevia is being or will be used for technical effect, use of Stevia as a dietary ingredient in a dietary supplement is not subject to the food additive provisions of FD & C ACT."
In my opinion, this revision represents a political compromise between the artificial sweetener and sugar lobbyists and the Natural Food Industry and its representatives, as mediated by the FDA.
is Stevia cultivated?
A) Mainly in Paraguay, Brazil, Japan and China. There are other growers scattered across the Pacific Rim. Stevia is also being cultivated in Southern Ontario and Mexico. Surprisingly, it has been successfully grown in California and the South of England as well.
has Stevia been used in food applications?
A) First, as a prepackaged replacement for sugar and artificial sweeteners. Second, it has been used in various food products, including the Japanese sugar-free versions of Wrigley's gums, Beatrice Foods yogurts and even diet Coke. It has also been used in Japanese style pickles, dried seafoods, fish meat products, vegetables and seafoods boiled down with soy sauce, confectioneries and a host of other products. Whether it will reach into food applications such as these in the U.S. market depend largely on the FDA's regulatory position and health industry efforts to re-classify Stevia as a GRAS (generally recognized as substance.
Q) Is Stevia
A) See chapter 6 for a detailed discussion. In general, Stevia is an all-natural herbal product with centuries of safe usage by native Indians in Paraguay. It has been thoroughly tested in dozens of tests around the world and found to be completely non-toxic. It has also been consumed safely in massive quantities (Thousands of tonnes annually) for the past twenty years. Although one group of studies, perform 1985 through 1987, found one ofthe metabolises of steviosides, called Steviol, to be mutagenic towards a particular strain of Salmonella bacteria, there is serious doubt as to whether this study is applicable to human metabolism of Stevia. In fact, the methodology used to measure the mutagenicity in this test was flawed according to a follow-up piece of research which also seriously questioned the validity of the results. For myself, I intend to use the product with both confidence in nature and respect for the healthy moderation and balance which nature teaches us.
Stevia replace sugar in the diet?
A) Yes. Refined sugar is virtually devoid of nutritional benefits and, at best, represents empty calories in the diet. At worst, it has been implicated in numerous degenerative diseases. Stevia is much sweeter than sugar and has none of sugar's unhealthy drawbacks.
sweet is Stevia?
A) The crude Stevia leaves and herbal powder (green) are reported to be 10-15 times sweeter than table sugar. The refined extracts of Stevia called steviosides (a white powder, 85-95% Steviosides) claim to be 200-300 times sweeter than table sugar. My experience is that the herbal powder is very sweet while the refined extract is incredibly sweet and needs to be diluted to be properly used. Both products have a slight bitter aftertaste, also characteristic of licorice.
Stevia replace artificial sweeteners in the diet?
A) Yes! I do not believe that humans should consume anything artificial in their diets. Stevia offers a safe, all-natural, alternative to these "toxic time-bombs." And industrial usage in Japan proves that this substitution is both practical and economical.
many calories are in Stevia?
A) Virtually none. And the refined Stevia extracts are considered to be non-caloric.
Stevia raise my blood sugar levels?
A) Not at all. In fact, according to some research, it may actually lower blood sugar levels. However, this research has yet to be confirmed and contradictory results make any conclusions premature.
I use Stevia if I am diabetic?
A) Diabetes is a medical condition which should be monitored and treated by a qualified physician or health care practitioner. However, Stevia can be a part of a healthy diet for anyone with blood sugar problems since it does not raise blood sugar levels. If in doubt, ask your doctor. However, if they do say no, ask them politely for the current research to support their opinion.
I combine Stevia with other sweeteners?
A) Most certainly. However, sweeteners in general should be used in moderation in a balanced healthy diet. And refined and artificial sweeteners should be avoided altogether.
Stevia harm my teeth?
A) Apparently not. Two tests conducted by Purdue University's Dental Science Research Group have concluded that Stevioside is both fluo-ride compatible and "significantly" inhibits the development of plaque, thus Stevia may actually help to prevent cavities.
Stevia be used in cooking and baking?
A) Absolutely! Industrial research in Japan has shown that Stevia and Stevioside extracts are extremely heat stable in a variety of everyday cooking and baking situations.
Stevia contain vitamins and minerals?
A) Raw herbal Stevia contains nearly one hundred identified phytonutrients and volatile oils, including trace amounts of Rutin (from the Callus) and B-Sitosterol (from the leaves). However, in the quantities typically consumed, the nutritive benefits will be negligible. The extracts of Stevia, being more refined, will contain far fewer of these phytonutrients and volatile oils.
are Stevia extracts prepared?
A) Extracts of Stevia leaves can be prepared by a number of methods some of which are patented. One researcher states: "Production of Stevioside involves water extraction from the dried leaves, followed by clarification and crystalization processes. Most commercial processes consist of water extraction, decoloration, and purification using ion-exchange resins, electrolytic techniques, or precipitating agents."
I make my own Stevia Extract?
A) Yes. A liquid extract can be made from the whole Stevia leaves or from the green herbal Stevia powder. Simply combine a measured portion of Stevia leaves or herbal powder with pure USP grain alcohol (Brand, or Scotch will also do) and let the mixture sit for 24 hours. Filter the liquid from the leaves or powder residue and dilute to taste using pure water. Note that the alcohol content can be reduced by very slowly heating (not boiling) the extract and allowing the alcohol to evaporate off. A pure water extract can be similarly prepared, but will not extract quite as much of the sweet glycosides as will the alcohol. Either liquid extract can be cooked down and concentrated into a syrup.
is the replacement factor for Stevia herbal powder and extract in terms of common
A) Since Stevia is 10 to 15 times sweeter than sugar, this is a fair, if approximate, replacement factor. Since the crude herb may vary in strength, some experimentation may be necessary. The high stevioside extracts are between 200-300 times sweeter than sugar and should be used sparingly. Unfortunately, FDA labelling guidelines may prevent manufacturers from providing a specific replacement factor.
cant I do with Stevia?
A) Stevia does not caramelize as sugar does. Meringues may also be difficult since Stevia does not brown or crystalize as sugar does.
Stevia change the color of my food?
A) The green herbal powder may impart a slight amount of color to your food, depending on how much you use in your recipe. If you are concerned about color, I would suggest that you use the white powdered extract or a similar "clear" liquid extract of Stevia.
can I buy Stevia herbal powder and extract?
A) At Steviva.com or your local natural food store. As Stevia gains consumer acceptance, it may also begin to appear in supermarkets and grocery stores, but probably only in its refined form.
is the future of Stevia?
A) Very bright, as long as the gene stock of the Native Paraguay Stevia Rebaudiana species is preserved in the wild. Overharvesting and foreign transplantation has depleted this stock which contains the greatest possible gene diversity, essential to the strength and continuance of the species.
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Story of Stevia
From Betty Martini
Below is the story of Stevia and how industry and the FDA have tried to prevent the knowledge of its healthful effects, so that the deadly neurotoxic drug aspartame will have no competition. Aspartame, of course, can precipitate diabetes, keeps blood sugar out of control, destroys the optic nerve and can cause diabetics to go into convulsions. It also interacts with insulin and no doubt is responsible for the epidemic of diabetes.
Stevia was outlawed by the European Union and when I visited them in Belgium and asked why was told there were no studies to show safety. I explained there were about 500, tell me where to send them. What I got was "silence". The article explains why. Parliament has voted now to re-examine aspartame and Stevia, but its only the first step.
Aspartame is also the reason for the epidemic of obesity as its a neurotoxic drug that makes you crave carbohydrates so you gain weight. (See protest of National Soft Drink Association on www.dorway.com). It is also makes the liver so toxic as it embalms you (Trocho Study, l998), that its hard to even lose weight.
In April l994, Dr. Robert Atkins (recently deceased) wrote a special supplement to his newsletter, Health Revelations. It was titled Artificial Sugar: A Sweet and Dangerous Lure. All about aspartame. It called it Low-cal Weight Gain and said: "In a pecular finding that strikes at the very existence of the sweetener, 39 of the people in Roberts study (referring to H. J. Roberts, M.D., diabetic specialist and world expert on aspartame, author of the medical text on the global plague of aspartame disease - Aspartame Disease: An Ignored Epidemic, www.sunsentpress.com) gained weight, averaging 19 pounds per person. Considerable evidence supports this metabolic effect. Dr. John Olney of Washington University Medical Center devoted two decades of his brilliant career to demonstrating the harmful effects of glutamate (MSG) which produces the same effect as aspartate, one of the main constitutents of aspartame. Olney showed that:
* Glutamate, in animal experiments, damaged areas of the brain controlling endocrine function, which led to pathological obesity.
* Aspartate has the same ability as glutamate to destroy those brain cells.
What a painful irony if you and I switch to aartificial sweeteners in our desire to lose weight and then are sabotaged by the metabolic effects of this "weight loss" ingredient.
Don't forget, obesity in America has increased by 30 percent in the past decade, the same period in which aspartame has been introduced. It now accounts for 70 percent of our artificial sweetener use and a quarter of total sweetener use.
Obesity, of course, is metabolically related to diabetes, and Roberts noted many cases of diabetics whose blood glucose control was thrown off by aspartame. We at the Atkins Center have initiated a study of overweight people with sugar disorders to see if their weight and glucose control vary with aspartame intake." (end of Dr. Atkins quote from his newsletter).
I might mention that the European Union was presented with a good deal of Dr. Roberts' research and shown the 1038 page medical text, Aspartame Disease: An Ignored Epidemic.
To show you beyond any shadow of a doubt that in saying their review showed safety of aspartame they knew they were being deceptive, they actually left out of their review all of Dr. Roberts damaging research!!!! And failed to mention that a huge medical text had been had been published on the deadly, deadly effects of aspartame,the drug interactions and the legal implications of mass poisoning the public.
Over and over again, I mentioned to them "you have to care, you have to care". They have shown they didn't care. I asked them if they were aligned with industry and they said no, obviously they are. You couldn't look at all the damning reports I left with Mr. Peter Wagstaffe and Mr. Miguel-Angel.Granero-Rosell and not know that the we are dealing with a global plague of Aspartame Disease. I gave them the testimony of Dr. Louis Elsas, pediatric professor, genetics, Emory University, on how aspartame triggers birth defects and mental retardation.
I showed them the report Aspartame Murders Infants and how it destroys every part of the fertility process. And said again, you have to care about millions of babies being murdered in their mother's womb. It made no difference to them. I gave them the Board of Inquiry Report of the FDA saying aspartame is not safe, triggers brain tumors, and petition is revoked and aspartame can't be approved.
Of course, we know of the politics that was involved and how Dr. Arthur Hull Hayes over-ruled that Board of Inquiry and then went to work for the PR Agency of the manufacturer. To help the effort and get the truth to the public, Bob Flint, Mission Possible Maine has put the largest congressional hearing (there were 3) on CD along with the Board of Inquiry report of the FDA saying aspartame is not safe, and Dr. John Olney's testimony to the Board of Inquiry, for only $5.00. Anyone who wants to read these damning government reports can get them off www.greatfallspro.com
The summation only of the Board of Inquiry is on www.dorway.com along with the actual FDA audit, the Bressler Report. I want you to know I have personally spoke to Jerome Bressler and thanked for writing the truth, and he informed his report was so damning that the FDA removed 20% of it as well as a cover letter. He told me of two mice studies that were also very very damning. Originally the FDA wanted the manufacturer indicted for fraud but the pharmaceutical company was so powerful that both United States Prosecutors hired on with the defense team and the statute of limitations expired.
Read on about this wonderful, safe sweetener they actually outlawed in Europe, that needs to be re-approved. I got a call from the UK from someone telling me Monsanto was behind it, hearsay though it might be, I hear what they are saying, and have heard it for years. There is a saying where there is smoke there is fire, but this is a large conflagration blazing out of control.
I am glad to see this article on Stevia which tells the story we've been telling for years. Parliament needs to read it as well. Incidentally, Dr. Atkins in this supplement also mentioned Stevia. Remember this was written in l994. He says: "In Japan, stevia has been used for 17 years to replace sugar. It now constitutes 4o to 50 percent of the sweetener ingested in Japan. More than 300,000 pounds are consumed a year, and no adverse reactions have been described in Japanese scientific literature." However, just a few weeks ago Japan released a new study on aspartame again showing DNA damage (which we have known about for over 20 years) and infertility in men.
Dr. James Bowen in Aspartame Murders Infants (www.dorway.com) said: "At every point in the fertility process aspartame destroys, beginning with the gleam in Mom and Pop's eyes it ruins female sexual response and induces male sexual dysfunction. Beyond this aspartame disrupts fetal development by aborting it or inducing defects. And if a live child is born aspartame may have heinously damaged the DNA of the baby cursing future generations." I left this paper with the European Union and begged them to care which they didn't. There is now a 59 page report of rebuttal on the European Union report showing all their errors and coverup.
Read on for the article on Stevia and lets all lend our support and knowledge to the European Parliament to bring back this wonderful, healthful herb and remove aspartame from the planet. Stay away from other toxic sweeteners. A very bad one is Sucralose or Splenda which has a chlorinated base like DDT and can cause autoimmune disease. Asculfame K is another horrible sweetener that caused cancer and leukemia in original studies and we often get reactions to these toxins.
Betty Martini, Founder, Mission Possible Intl, 9270 River Club Parkway, Duluth, Georgia 30097, 770 242-2599 www.dorway.com
From Marianne Payton firstname.lastname@example.org To Betty Martini
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The convoluted history of FDA's protection of the artificial swetener market for Aspartame (nutrasweet/equal) follows:
What is STEVIA?
http://www.ccherb.com/index.htm Cross Creek Home
A South American herb that is up to 400 times sweeter than sugar with only ten (10) calories per pound, stevia is the perfect sugar replacement for persons suffering from diabetes, which helps to actually regulate blood-sugar levels. Medical doctors in Japan and Germany routinely use stevia in their treatment of diabetic patients, as well as those with candidiasis (a chronic yeast infection that thrives on sugar, also implicated in auto-immune disorders (AIDS), chronic fatigue syndrome, etc.) And unlike aspartame (Nutrasweet) and its cousins, stevia is perfect for use in baking, cooking and as a food additive that happens to sweeten. It is so powerfully sweet that 1/2 teaspoon is approximately equivalent to one (1) cup of sugar in sweetening capabilities.
The History Behind STEVIA.
Used as a sweetener for a thousand years in what is now northeastern Paraguay by native peoples, stevia rebuadiana is perhaps the only known plant to worry the sweetener industry today. First published accounts of the miraculous uses of this herb go as far back as 1576 by Spanish physician Francisco Hernandez in his book, "Natural History of Plants of the New Spain" after Spanish conquistadors arrived on the shores of South America. This widespread native use to sweeten the taste of mate' and other bitter beverages and medicinal potions, and to treat many ailments was much chronicled in historical documents. Introduced to settlers, the use spread to other parts of the continent, notably Brazil and Argentina, and was again documented in 1887 when Dr. Moises Santiage Bertoni began "rediscovering" this herb after much research, naming his variety after a chemist named Rebaudi who became the first to extract the plants' sweet constituent. So impressed by the plants' sweetening capabilities, he declared it "so superior to sugar that it is no need to wait for results of analyses and cultures to affirm its economic advantage - the simple test proves it." In 1908, the first harvest of a stevia crop occurred, a ton from its natural habitat. Soon stevia plantations sprung up, making this a viable agricultural crop with use increasing even outside of Latin America.
Brought to the attention of the U.S. Government in 1918 by a U.S. Department of Agriculture botanist, the herb raised concerns in the business community.
Three years later American Trade Commissioner George S. Brady presented stevia to the USDA, taking note of its non-toxicity, is ability to be used in natural form with only drying and grinding, and claims of "an idea and safe sugar for diabetics". Nothing further became of Stevias' potential introduction to the American market, although a German report later mentioned receiving specimens "of the well known plant which alarmed sugar producers some years ago." In 1931, chemists in France isolated the two chemical compounds responsible for the sweet taste, developing the first crystalline extract.
Within decades the Japanese began using stevia as the idea replacement for sugar and its synthetic substitutes after banning or strictly regulating artificial sweeteners and other chemicals in food sources during the 1960's.
By 1988, stevia products represented 41% of the market of sweet substances consumed in Japan, as well as being commonly found to sweeten a variety of food products on the manufacturing level, including ice cream, soft drinks, bread and candies. Today the use of stevia has spread to many countries not only in Japan and South America, but in China, Germany, Korea, Israel, and others. Stevias' safety has been repeatedly proven through extensive scientific testing and hundreds of years of use.
Why is STEVIA not well known in the United States?
By the mid-1980's, stevia was poised to debut on the American marketplace, with Celestial Seasonings and Thomas J. Lipton Tea Company eager to market herbal teas using this herb that is natural, almost non-caloric and is safe for diabetics. Suddenly, due to an "anonymous trade complaint" from a company that did not want stevia made available to consumers (generally acknowledged as coming from the makers of aspartame), the FDA banned import of the herb into the U.S., and initiated search and seizures (complete with armed federal marshals) in manufacturing facilities, storage warehouses - anywhere where there was potential distribution or use of the herb. Claiming the herb as "a non-safe food additive" despite acknowledging it has "been used throughout history," the FDA refused to respond to petitions filed by the American Herbal Products and Lipton Tea Company, denying official GRAS (Generally Regarded As Safe) status, even trying to prohibit the petitions to be filed, a routine procedure that does not require any approval. The FDA's citing of "studies" regarding the safety of stevia are so incomplete and unrealistic they are deemed absurd by most standards with the professor of one study (Professor Joseph Kuc) stating the "studies need to be redone," conceding his findings "do not constitute an important reason for keeping stevia off the U.S. market." The FDA refuses to even read or acknowledge studies indicating safety and benefits of the herb from Japan and Germany.
Yet, the FDA shows a double standard regarding the tens of thousands of consumer complaints regarding aspartame (Nutrasweet and the like), much less the reports and studies of brain tumors, headaches, blindness and seizures.
The potential deadly and toxic effects of this pharmachemical far surpasses any remote possible effects of stevia in even the highest dosages. Fortunately, with the passing of the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act in 1994, legislation was enacted to market many vitamins, minerals, herbs and botanicals as a "dietary supplement." Such supplements are no longer classified as "food additives" and are not subject to intensive safety testing. While there is some potential of mis-use and exploitation in this area, the benefits far outweigh the restrictions placed before consumers to use the natural substances of their choice. It is, and should be the consumer's responsibility and right to acquire knowledge of dietary products, particularly for health and medicinal use.
The Future of Stevia.
The release of stevia to be not only imported into this country, but also commercially grown, (you too can grow your own plants), opens the door for the future common availability of this herb in every supermarket and as an additive to processed food in the U.S. While the battle to market stevia as an alternative sweetener to sugar is far from over, the time will come sooner than later. Thomas J. Lipton is still involved with petitions and suites to gain status to have the herb labeled GRAS. More and more everyday folks are discovering this herb, and it will once again be America's "grass roots" movement, not corporate America or our government, that will succeed in deciding what we ultimately put into our bodies by choice.
How To Use Stevia Herb as a "Dietary Supplement."
Most stevia that is presently imported comes in its raw, powdered form, or cut and sifted, although there are some sources that provide a liquid extract, and even a white crystalline form. The raw, powdered form has a nicegreen color with some slight crystals. This is usually from the best of over 200 species of plants named Stevia rebuadiana Bertoni, which has little of the bitterness sometimes associated with some other species. The number and variety of species account for the wide range of sweetness comparisons to sugar, with 400 times sweeter being the highest, and 200-300 times as being the average. Such a small amount is needed to sweeten a cup of coffee or tea, for instance, that dipping the tip of your pinkie finger into the powder is as much stevia herb as would be required. Although it can be used in baking far more successfully than aspartame, it still doesn't rise as much as sugar, and doesn't really have the browning capabilities (your sugar cookie recipe will remain a pretty white). Most people experiment and often will start out by reducing the amount of sugar, replacing the other half with stevia.
Remember that a teaspoon is roughly equivalent to one cup of sugar. The powder is so fine, some cooks experienced in using stevia prefer using the extract drops. The key is to play and have fun finding the right amount of sweetness for your taste buds. The herb is available at most herb and wholistic health-oriented stores.
The best method of getting the word out to the general public is tell your friends and family about this great herb. Do research, read all that you can - you may be required to help put pressure or lend support to those who want to see the benefits of this herb reach the American public. Most of the information for this article was taken from a wonderful book entitled The Stevia Story by Linda Bonvie, Bill Bonvie and Donna Gates, published by B.E.D. Publications Co. [ISBN: 0-9638458-1-0]. This book is often available at wholistic bookstores and health/food markets, but your nearest regular bookstore can order it.
****** The benefits of stevia as a sweetener are unrivaled: * Stevia actually balances blood sugar levels, and is safe for use by both diabetics and hypoglycemics.
* Unlike aspartame, there are no reports of adverse effects from stevia's use and scientific studies throughout the world prove out its safety. Stevia has never been shown to cause brain tumors, seizures, blindness, or any of the other 92 adverse reactions associated with aspartame.
* Unlike aspartame, stevia reduces the craving for sweets, making it the ideal sweetener for a society desperate to lose weight. * Unlike sugar, stevia reduces cavities by retarding the growth of plaque. * Stevia is used as a digestive aid in Brazil. * Stevia contains antiseptic properties which have proven beneficial in speeding the healing process of skin wounds.
* Tests show that stevia's antimicrobial properties inhibit the growth of streptococcus and other bacteria. This is especially noteworthy since some forms of streptococcus have become antibiotic resistant.
Steviva Brand, Inc Stevioside is sold in Germany, England, Australia, Japan, France, the USA, and many other countries around the world. http://www.steviva.com
"A man's mind stretched to a new idea never goes back to its original dimensions." Oliver Wendell Holmes
"I have sworn upon the altar of God, eternal hostility against every form of tyranny over the mind of man." Thomas Jefferson*
"For the rest of my life I want to reflect on what Light is." Albert Einstein
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Rachel Roberts Oppitz
Dear Dr. Oppitz: So if sugar and artificial sweeteners are out, are there natural sweeteners available? - D.D., Billings
Stevia (Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni) is a small shrub native to Paraguay; it also grows in China, Brazil and Argentina.
Its leaves contain compounds called glycosides, which are 200 to 300 times sweeter than sugar. In its unprocessed form, stevia is highly nutritious, containing such vitamins and minerals as magnesium, niacin, zinc, calcium, phosphorus, chromium, potassium and vitamins A and C. The leaves also contain fiber, protein and at least 100 phytonutrients.
Stevia has been used throughout the world as a sweetener for centuries. In Japan, stevia holds approximately a 52 percent share of the sweetener market, which includes sugar. In the United States, stevia is sold strictly as a dietary supplement and not as a sweetener.
People in Japan, China, Israel, Brazil, and Paraguay use stevia as a sweetener and for a variety of medicinal purposes, from healing wounds to aiding digestion. Stevia does not promote cavities and may retard the growth of bacteria. Because the human body does not metabolize the sweet glycosides - they pass right through the normal elimination channels - the body obtains no calories from stevia; therefore it is safe for diabetics and hypoglycemics in its pure, unadulterated form. For people with blood sugar, blood pressure or weight problems, stevia is the most desirable sweetener.
Why, then, is stevia not a common feature of restaurants and homes in the U.S.? Although most research conducted in Japan in the '70s and '80s showed no evidence it might be carcinogenic, the Food and Drug Administration has designated stevia and its extracts as "unapproved food additives." The implication is "use at your own risk."
Stevia advocates insist efforts to keep it out of the mainstream merely reflect lobbying by the sugar and artificial sweetener industries. They reason that centuries of use by South American tribes and 50 years of use by worldwide consumers are testimony enough to the safety of stevia.
Stevia is commercially available in three forms: Dried leaves, powdered extract and liquid extract. Stevia can enhance the effect of other sweeteners such as honey and maple syrup, so adding it to recipes can help reduce the amount of sweetener needed.
Unlike artificial sweeteners, sweet glycosides do not break down in heat, which makes stevia an excellent sweetener for cooking and baking. Using stevia requires some experimentation; too much can leave an overpowering aftertaste, while too little produces almost no sweetness.
Plant source, extraction process and the presence of fillers can affect stevia's taste, sometimes creating a bitter flavor. In the powdered and liquid forms of stevia, fillers such as maltodextrin are added, reducing sweetness.
Consumers looking for a sweetener with no calories and which doesn't alter blood sugar levels will probably prefer the white stevioside powder. However, consumers who also want health-restoring benefits will want premium quality leaves or water-based stevia extract.
Stevia in liquid form makes it easier to sweeten cereals and drinks such as tea, smoothies or lemonade. Stevia liquid can be made at home by adding 1/4 teaspoon stevioside to one ounce of water.
To replace sugar in recipes, substitute one cup of sugar with 1 1/2 to 2 teaspoons of ground stevia leaves or 1/4 teaspoon stevioside. Other ingredients in the recipe may need adjustment.
For more recipes, refer to "The Stevia Cookbook," by Ray Sahelian or "Baking with Stevia I&II," by Rita DePuydt. Additionally, I have included recipes using stevia and a sugar/stevia conversion table at our Web site at www.yncnaturally.com. To purchase all natural stevia go to http://www.steviva.com
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